Farasan Islands Protected Area
The Farasan Islands PA is located in the southeastern part of the Red Sea, about 42 km from the coast of the city of Jizan. The area of the PA is about 5408 km ² (2088 square miles). It is considered an exquisite PA where parts of it are classified by UNESCO MAB (Man and Biosphere) in 2021 as the first Saudi PA registered in such program. The PA include special category since it contain nature and Bio-spheric reserve. The group of Farasan islands includes more than 84 islands, the largest of which is the island of Farasan Kabir and Al-Sayyid ( and Qamah, which are populated islands. The average height above sea level ranges between 10 and 20 meters and may reach in some points 40 meters. The maximum height is 75m, as these heights are called locally in the mountains.
Among the most important types of trees are balsam, bolt, and rak, along with shura and kandel trees that are dense coastal ikat. Also, there were recent trees of muskite or invasive prosebas trees.
The PA distinguishes the presence of the endemic Persian human antelope on some Farasan islands. In addition, there are some white-guilt mongoose and types of rodents and bats. As for birds, they are distinguished by their diversity and abundance, especially water, coastal and migratory birds, and the most important of which are the punishment of the Eagles, the Gray Pelican, the Dark Gull, the owner of the Hazen, the Hancour, the Sunset and types of Umm Al-Qamari. There are also some sermons and snakes.